To test SVM trained data is whether reliable or not. (example source code)

After training SVM, we should test the trained XML data is reliable or not..

The method to extract HOG feature is refer to -> http://feelmare.blogspot.kr/2014/04/example-source-code-of-extract-hog.html
The method to training SVM of HOG feature is refer to -> http://feelmare.blogspot.kr/2014/04/example-source-code-hog-feature-to.html

The method is using training data.
Again training data make HOG feature, and check the feature is positive or not using trained SVM data.

The example source code is like that.
#include < stdio.h>
#include < opencv2\opencv.hpp>
//#include < opencv2\gpu\gpu.hpp>

using namespace cv;
using namespace std;

#ifdef _DEBUG        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_core247d.lib")         
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_imgproc247d.lib")   //MAT processing        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_objdetect247d.lib") //HOGDescriptor
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_gpu247d.lib")        
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_features2d247d.lib")        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_highgui247d.lib")        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_ml247d.lib")      
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_stitching247d.lib");      
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_nonfree247d.lib");      
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_core247.lib")        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_imgproc247.lib")        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_objdetect247.lib")        
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_gpu247.lib")        
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_features2d247.lib")        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_highgui247.lib")        
#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_ml247.lib")        
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_stitching247.lib");      
//#pragma comment(lib, "opencv_nonfree247.lib");      

void main()

 char FullFileName[100];
 char FirstFileName[100]="./images/upperbody"; //"./NegaImages/Negative";      // 
 int FileNum=96; //262;

 //Load trained SVM xml data
 CvSVM svm;

 //count variable
 int nnn=0, ppp=0;

 for(int i=0; i< FileNum; ++i)
  sprintf_s(FullFileName, "%s%d.png", FirstFileName, i+1);
  //printf("%s\n", FullFileName);

  //read image file
  Mat img, img_gray;
  img = imread(FullFileName);
  //resize(img, img, Size(16,8) ); //Size(64,48) ); //Size(32*2,16*2)); //Size(80,72) ); 
  resize(img, img, Size(64,48) ); //Size(32*2,16*2)); //Size(80,72) ); 
  cvtColor(img, img_gray, CV_RGB2GRAY);

  //Extract HogFeature
  HOGDescriptor d( Size(32,16), Size(8,8), Size(4,4), Size(4,4), 9);
  vector< float> descriptorsValues;
  vector< Point> locations;
  d.compute( img_gray, descriptorsValues, Size(0,0), Size(0,0), locations);
  //vector to Mat
  Mat fm = Mat(descriptorsValues);
  //Classification whether data is positive or negative
  int result = svm.predict(fm);
  printf("%s - > %d\n", FullFileName, result);

  //Count data
  if(result == 1)

  //show image
  imshow("origin", img);


 printf(" positive/negative = (%d/%d) \n", ppp, nnn);



  1. 안녕하세요" 또 질문드리게 되네요;;
    영어로 답변해주시는데;; 질문을 계속 한글로 드려 죄송합니다;;

    블로그에 설명해주신대로 따라 하면서 trainedSVM.xml 파일을 얻을 수 있었습니다.
    위 xml파일을 사용해서 보행자를 검출해보고자 합니다. 그래서

    HOGDescriptor hog;
    --> hog.load("trainedSVM.xml");
    getDefaultPeopleDetector()를 사용하지 않고 학습한 xml을 사용하기 위해서
    위와 같이 수정하였습니다. 그리고 hog.detectMultiScale()을 수행하였는데
    에러가 발생하였습니다;; 중간에 다른 코드가 필요한지... 아니면... 학습된 xml데이터 포멧을 수정해야 하는지;; 궁금합니다...

    HOGDescriptor hog;
    hog.detectMultiScale(matImage, Peds, 0, cv::Size(8, 8), cv::Size(0, 0), 1.05, 1);
    for(int i=0; i<(int)Peds.size(); i++)
    rectangle(matImage, Peds[i], Scalar(0,255,0), 1);
    이런 식으로 사용했습니다.

    OpenCV Error : Assertion failed (dsize.area() || (in_scale_x >0 && inv_scale_y > 0))
    in cv::resize, file ..\..\..\soureces\modules\imgproc\src\imgwarp.cpp, line 1835
    에러는 위와 같이 발생했습니다;;

    오늘도 많이 배워갑니다. 감사합니다.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

    1. You need to convert "trainedSVM.xml" file learned by SVM to 1D vector for using function of hog.detectMultiscale().

      After training by SVM, use this source code.

      //make firstly, inherited class to access alpha vector and value
      int svmVectorSize = svm.get_support_vector_count();
      int featureSize = pCol;
      //prepare, variables

      Mat sv = Mat(svmVectorSize, featureSize, CV_32FC1, 0.0);
      Mat alp = Mat(1, svmVectorSize, CV_32FC1, 0.0);
      Mat re = Mat(1, featureSize, CV_32FC1, 0.0);
      Mat re2 = Mat(1, featureSize+1, CV_32FC1, 0.0);

      //set value to variables
      for(int i=0; i< svmVectorSize; ++i)
      memcpy( (sv.data + i*featureSize), svm.get_support_vector(i), featureSize*sizeof(float) ); //ok

      double * alphaArr = svm.get_alpha();
      int alphaCount = svm.get_alpha_count();

      for(int i=0; i< svmVectorSize; ++i)
      alp.at< float>(0, i) = (float)alphaArr[i];
      //printf("alpha[%d] = %lf \n", i, (float)alphaArr[i] );

      //cvMatMul(alp, sv, re);
      re = alp * sv;

      for(int i=0; i< featureSize; ++i)
      re2.at< float>(0,i) = re.at< float>(0,i) * -1;
      re2.at< float>(0,featureSize) = svm.get_rho();

      //save to 1d vector to XML format!!
      FileStorage svmSecondXML(SVM_HOGDetectorFile, FileStorage::WRITE);
      svmSecondXML << "SecondSVMd" << re2 ;



    2. SVM_HOGDetectorFile means new name of xml file.
      ex) AA.xml

      thank you

    3. 답변해주셔서 감사합니다!!
      염치없지만...;; 또 질문드립니다;;
      블로그의 위 내용에 이어서 올려주신 코드를 작성하였고,
      저는 opencv 2.4.9. 버전을 사용해서 lib만 2.4.7에서 2.4.9. 로 바꿔서 예제를 실행보았습니다

      위 코드에서 svm구조체의 멤버(?)를 읽지 못하는 부분이 발생하였습니다. svm.get_alpha(), svm.get_alpha_count(), svm.get_rho()
      이 세 가지입니다.

      그리고 SVM_HOGDetectorFile이 새로운 *.xml파일의 이름이라고 하셨는
      데, 이부분도 에러가 발생합니다;;

      도움주셔서 감사합니다""

    4. I'm sorry, I don't teach you exact description.
      I will post about the article(hog.detectMultiscale) tomorrow.
      Thank you.

    5. 네" 답변 감사합니다""

    6. refer to this page
      thank you.

    7. Hey JH, I still got the problem "OpenCV Error : Assertion failed (dsize.area() || (in_scale_x >0 && inv_scale_y > 0))
      in cv::resize, file ..\..\..\soureces\modules\imgproc\src\imgwarp.cpp, line 1835" after used 1D vector.
      you have any suggestion?

  3. Anonymous25/2/16 09:54

    Hey i have problem , when i get to svm.predict it throw me some exception. Looks like its even don t load svm from xml.
    Any idea why ? I just copypaste your codes, even extracting hog and train svm

    1. Could you show your code or send source code to me?
      Thank you.

    2. Anonymous26/2/16 14:35

      Oh... i find out that i changed size of hog descriptor in training source code(that was the problem - i am new in this so i am littlebit confused in some things)...
      Just if i could ask another things:
      Should be training images for svm in same aspect ratio ? I saw in source codes befor ... that you resizing them, so i gues it should be in same ratio as you resize them.Am i right ?
      Nex question: after i have converted it in 1d vector like in upper comments i just load big image , use detectmultiscale and it returns some vector of rectangles(or what is return of detectmultiscale)? Didn t find topic of it here, but maybe i am blind.
      Sorry for too much questions. By the way a really appreciate this site and all codes here. I learned much more than anywhere else.
      Thank you

    3. Anonymous26/2/16 14:41

      Sorry there is topic, but with gpu, so i will check it

  4. Hi, how can I use this algorithm to see exactly what kind of images I have ? For example If I trained 30 photo with cars, 30 with planes and 30 with houses, and another 100 negative images, when I read an image with a car to figure out that in my pictures I have a car. Here we find out only if it is a positive picture or negative. Thanks.

  5. 안녕하세요 저는 영상처리를 배우고 있는 학생입니다.
    SVM 학습을 끝내고 xml파일을 setSVMDetector()에 적용 시키고 싶은데 그 부분이 어렵습니다.
    올리신 소스 코드를 보면 svm["SecondSVMd"]라는 것을 xMat에 넣은 후 vector에 data를 저장하시던데 저는 xml파일을 생성할때 svm.save를 이용해서 "SecondSVMd"라는 것이 xml파일에 없습니다.
    혹시 이런 경우에 학습시킨 데이터를 어떻게 불러올 수 있는지 알려주실수 있나요..? 부탁드립니다.

  6. This comment has been removed by the author.